Cultural relativism as an ethical theory

In conclusion we learned from cultural relativism that it rest on an invalid argument, universal truth does not exists, there is no better culture, different cultures might have different moral codes but not one is right or wrong because nobody can judge.

Askin and Dorean M. Relativism has entered into the thinking of many people, even people who would hold for some absolutist ideas.

Because the essence of the tradition is the primacy of the community over the individual, the fundamentalist impulse is almost always anti-individual.

What is thought to be moral in one country may be thought to be immoral and even made illegal in another country. McGraw-Hill, For these three forms of moral judgment presuppose the existence of real objective transcultural values.

The Pragmatists also departed from belief in absolutes and generalizations and any universal criteria for judgment. But there is actually far less disagreement than the relativists imply. In relation to the developing societies, many denounced universal human rights as Western parochial concepts and as weapons of cultural imperialism.

Cultural relativism is widely accepted in modern anthropology. Notice that this position does not resort to ethical relativism, but takes seriously the values of freedom, the public good, and individual rights — and attempts to uphold these values in a way that is consistent and fair.

For to claim the latter logically leads one to the bizarre judgment that Mother Teresa is no more and no less virtuous than Adolf Hitler.


The debate was, and remains, between those who see societies and cultures as verities that are hard, fixed, and immutable, and those who see reality as fluid and changing and wish to move it in the direction of greater equality, freedom, and justice.

They argue that meta-ethical relativism implies that we ought to tolerate the behavior of others even when it runs counter to our personal or cultural moral standards.

Equality between women and men is a matter of human rights and a condition for social justice and is also a necessary and fundamental prerequisite for equality, development and peace.

This development, they contend, is due largely to the work of the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche — and his followers. A virtue ethics doubt about the ideal of impartiality is another advantage and impartiality has been the theme for the modern moral philosophy in which the ideas of all persons are morally equal.

See the Introduction to Faith and Freedom: The trouble for cultural relativism theory is that the conclusion does not follow the idea that forms the basis of the argument and that is if the idea which forms the argument might be true, the conclusion might still be false.

Even if the natural world ultimately consists of nothing but value-neutral facts, say the relativists, ethics still has a foundation in human feelings and social arrangements. This, of course, makes the debate all the more interesting, since it means that both sides agree on the following general principles: In the U.

In the same way, heinous crimes such as rape and murder demand a moral judgment -- but strict cultural relativism cannot say that such things are always wrong.

Cultural Relativism Theory and Virtue ethics

The same can be said of the sciences. In the second, the relativity derives from the content of the judgment. A major contention of this position is that women, in East and West alike, have rights because they belong to certain cultures or religions, not because they are individual human beings.

First, we could no longer say that the customs of other societies are morally inferior to our own.Social and ethical issues in computer science social: issues about computers in society — social, political and legal ethical: making decisions about “what is.

Ethical relativism, the doctrine that there are no absolute truths in ethics and that what is morally right or wrong varies from person to person or from society to society. Ethical relativism, then, is a radical doctrine that is contrary to what many thoughtful people commonly assume.

Cultural relativism

As such, it. Moral relativism is an important topic in metaethics. It is also widely discussed outside philosophy (for example, by political and religious leaders), and it is controversial among philosophers and nonphilosophers Cultural relativism, an idea rooted in moral relativism is a view that in essence encourages respect and creating boundaries in dealing with people coming from a different social background and Cultural Relativism Theory is morality that differs in every society, and is a convenient term for socially approved habits.

It is also the oldest philosophical theory that speaks about the nature of Relativism, roughly put, is the view that truth and falsity, right and wrong, standards of reasoning, and procedures of justification are products of differing conventions and frameworks of assessment and that their authority is confined to the context giving rise to

Cultural relativism as an ethical theory
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